Python urllib和urllib2之间的区别

摘要:Python urllib和urllib2之间的区别...

作者:LoveCode标签:Python,urllib,urllib2,区别

作为一个Python菜鸟,之前一直懵懂于urllib和urllib2,以为2是1的升级版。今天看到老外写的一篇《Python: difference between urllib and urllib2》才明白其中的区别。


 You might be intrigued by the existence of two separate URL modules in Python -urllib and urllib2. Even more intriguing: they are not alternatives for each other. So what is the difference between urllib and urllib2, and do we need them both? 

你可能对于Python中两个独立存在的-urllib2和-urllib2感到好奇。更有趣的是:它们并不是可以相互代替的。那么这两个模块间的区别是什么,并且这两个我们都需要吗?


urllib and  urllib2are both Python modules that do URL request related stuff but offer different functionalities. Their two most significant differences are listed below: 

urllib 和urllib2都是接受URL请求的相关模块,但是提供了不同的功能。两个最显著的不同如下:


urllib2 can accept a Request object to set the headers for a URL request,urllib accepts only a URL. That means, you cannot masquerade your User Agent string etc.

urllib2可以接受一个Request类的实例来设置URL请求的headers,urllib仅可以接受URL。这意味着,你不可以伪装你的User Agent字符串等。

 

urllib provides the urlencode method which is used for the generation of GET query strings, urllib2 doesn't have such a function. This is one of the reasons why urllib is often used along with urllib2.

urllib提供urlencode方法用来GET查询字符串的产生,而urllib2没有。这是为何urllib常和urllib2一起使用的原因。


For other differences between urllib and urllib2 refer to their documentations, the links are given in the References section. 


Tip: if you are planning to do HTTP stuff only, check out httplib2, it is much better than httplib or urllib or urllib2. 


提示:如果你仅做HTTP相关的,看一下httplib2,比其他几个模块好用。


CopyRight © 2017 荒山本的官方网站 粤ICP备16049175号 All Right Service 网站地图(xml) 网站地图(html)